1500 Chapline Street
Suite 109
Wheeling ,
WV
26003
Fax: (304) 234-3652

Monday-Friday
8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m.

B & O Tax

There is levied upon and shall be collected from any person engaging or continuing in any business or other activities set forth in Section 787.03, annual privilege taxes in an amount to be determined by the application of the rate hereinafter set forth in this section against values or gross income of the taxpayer for the tax year.  (Codified Ordinances of the City of Wheeling 787.02)

Important Dates

  • 1 st Quarter Returns Mailed                        March 31
  • 1 st Quarter Returns Due                             April 30
  • 2 nd Quarter Returns Mailed                       June 30
  • 2 nd Quarter Returns Due                            July 30
  • 3 rd Quarter Returns Mailed                        September 30
  • 3 rd Quarter Returns Due                             October 30
  • 4 th Quarter & Annual Returns Mailed      December 31
  • 4 th Quarter & Annual Returns Due           January 30

Quick Facts

  • Who is required to file a B&O return? Anyone engaging in business in the City of Wheeling must file Business & Occupation Tax returns based on gross income.  Those located outside the City limits who lease property within the City limits, render services, perform any construction or installation work, or sell or deliver tangible property into the City limits are considered to be doing business in Wheeling regardless of their permanent location.
  • What is Gross Income? "Gross income" means the gross receipts of the taxpayer for any and all business activities, including property rental, without any deductions on account of the cost of property sold, the cost of materials used, labor costs, taxes, royalties paid in cash or in kind or otherwise, interest or discount paid or any other expenses whatsoever. (For a more detailed description see Codified Ordinances of the City of Wheeling 787.01(e))
  • Do I need to file even if I had no income for the filing period? Yes.  Even if you have no income, you must file a “zero” return for the filing period.
  • What are the penalties for unpaid B&O Tax? If any taxpayer fails to remit the B&O return, or fails to remit in whole or in part the proper amount of tax, a penalty in the amount of five percent (5%) of the tax for the first month, or fraction thereof, of delinquency and one percent (1%) of the tax for each succeeding month, or fraction thereof, of delinquency.  The penalties are collected at the same time and in the same manner and as a part of the tax.
  • Could I be audited? The Finance Director has the authority to require the examination by the B&O Tax Auditor of any business records that pertain to the filing of B&O returns.  Except when required in an official investigation or proceedings in court involving the tax administered under this article, this information shall be kept confidential.  (For a more detailed description see Codified Ordinances of the City of Wheeling 787.09)
  • What if I underpay or fail to pay the B&O Tax? If you underpay or fail to pay your B&O Tax, the B&O Tax Auditor, with the approval of the Finance Director, can issue a Jeopardy Assessment.  After receiving the assessment you have 20 days to pay the balance due or make a petition for reassessment.  If you do not pay or ask for reassessment within the 20 days, the Jeopardy Assessment becomes final. Taxpayers may file, in writing, a request for reassessment.  The Finance Director will notify the taxpayer, at least 10 days in advance, of an upcoming time and place for a reassessment hearing. (For a more detailed description see Codified Ordinances of the City of Wheeling 787.10)
  • Special Notes Regarding Contractors
    • Contractors working in the City of Wheeling are required to obtain a Wheeling business license and pay B&O Tax, regardless of whether their actual business location is within City limits.
    • Subcontractors working in the City of Wheeling are subject to the same requirements as those for general contractors, as indicated above.
    • Contractors working on one or more projects that have a contract amount more than $5,000 must, when paying B&O Tax, list each project name and the amount of each contract upon which B&O Tax is being paid at that time.
    • General contractors are required to make sure that their subcontractors obtain a Wheeling business license and pay their B&O Taxes.
    • Any person contracting with a nonresident person engaged in a business or service taxed under this article shall withhold payment in sufficient amount to cover taxes assessed by this article in the final settlement of such contracts until the receipt of a certificate from the City Treasurer to the effect that all taxes levied and accrued under this article against the contractor have been paid.    If any person fails to withhold as provided herein he shall be personally liable for the payment of all such taxes, and the same shall be recoverable by the City Treasurer by appropriate legal proceedings. (Codified Ordinances of the City of Wheeling 787.17)
  • B&O tax rates are as follows:

Business Classification

Rate Per $100

Production of Natural Resource Products

$1.000

Manufacturing or Compounding Products

$0.280

Selling Tangible Property (Wholesale)

$0.150

Selling Tangible Property (Retail)

$0.365

Contracting

$2.000

Service Business

$0.880

Business of Furnishing Property for Hire (Rents & Royalties)

$0.730

Banking or Financial Business

$0.940

Shared Services

$0.150

For-Profit Acute Healthcare Hospitals

$0.170

Rates in effect as of June 1, 2017

B&O TAX CLASSIFICATIONS AND RATES VARY ACCORDING TO THE TYPE OF BUSINESS. CONTACT THE CITY OF WHEELING AT (304)-234-3653 FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION.